PVD • Peripheral Vascular Disease

The term peripheral vascular disease is commonly referred to as a collection of diseases of the circulatory system, any disorder that affects blood vessels.

Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)

PAD • Peripheral Artery Disease

Critical Limb Ischemia (CLI)

CLI • Critical Limb Ischemia

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

DVT • Deep Vein Thrombosis

Deep Venous Disease (DVD)

DVD • Deep Venous Disease

Superficial Venous Insufficiency (SVI)

SVI • Superficial Vein Insufficiency

PAD • Peripheral Artery Disease affects approximately 8.5 million people in the U.S.
Including 12-20% of people over age 60.4
CLI • Critical Limb Ischemia affects more than 2 million Americans
Critical Limb Ischemia (CLI)
with more than 40% of those undergoing a major amputation within 6 months of a diagnosis.3
DVT • Deep Vein Thrombosis affects approximately 900,000 people in the United States annually.
More than 50% of those diagnosed will have long-term complications.2
DVD • Deep Venous Disease
Up to 40% of people in the United States have DVD.
It occurs more frequently in people over age 50, and more often in women than in men.6
SVI • Superficial Venous Insufficiency affects between 30-50% of the adult population
making it one of the most prevalent causes of venous disease in United States.5

PVD Symptoms:

Have you experienced any of these?

While some patients with PVD have very few symptoms, others may experience one or more symptoms depending on the disease progression.1 These symptoms can include: spider, reticular, or varicose veins, swelling, skin changes, tired heavy legs, pain with exercise, pain at rest or non-healing wounds.

Consult your doctor right away if you have signs of PVD.

Symptoms of PVD

Spider, Reticular & Varicose Veins

When blood pools in the lower extremities, it may cause enlarged blue, red or flesh-colored spider or varicose veins.

What to Look For?

Images courtesy of Dr. Raghu Kolluri.

Spider
Veins

Reticular
Veins

Varicose
Veins

This information is not intended to be used as a diagnostic tool. Please consult a doctor right away, if you experience any of these PVD symptoms.

Swelling / Edema

Deep venous disease (DVD) may cause uncomfortable swelling in the legs, feet and ankles.

What to Look For?

Images courtesy of Dr. Raghu Kolluri.

Swelling with
Color Change

Swelling with
Color Change

Generalized
Swelling

This information is not intended to be used as a diagnostic tool. Please consult a doctor right away, if you experience any of these PVD symptoms.

Skin Changes

Color changes in the leg or foot, including a paleness or blueness, as well as a skin rash, may occur.

What to Look For?

Images courtesy of Dr. Raghu Kolluri.

Venous
Eczema

Hyperpigmentation

Red,
Thickened Skin

This information is not intended to be used as a diagnostic tool. Please consult a doctor right away, if you experience any of these PVD symptoms.

Tired or Heavy Legs

A general heaviness in the legs may indicate that blood is not circulating properly.

What to Look For?

Images courtesy of Dr. Raghu Kolluri.

Cramping

Fatigue
Climbing Stairs

Pain at Rest

This information is not intended to be used as a diagnostic tool. Please consult a doctor right away, if you experience any of these PVD symptoms.

Exercise Pain

Pain, achiness, or heaviness in the leg muscles that occur when walking or climbing stairs is known as claudication.

What to Look For?

Images courtesy of Dr. Raghu Kolluri.

Intense,
Frequent Cramps

Achiness

Limits
Activity

This information is not intended to be used as a diagnostic tool. Please consult a doctor right away, if you experience any of these PVD symptoms.

Pain at Rest

When significant blockage of the arteries occurs, it may lead to severe pain that can strike during the night or without moving.

What to Look For?

Images courtesy of Dr. Raghu Kolluri.

Pain with
Short Walk

Weakness
in Legs

Pain
Despite Rest

This information is not intended to be used as a diagnostic tool. Please consult a doctor right away, if you experience any of these PVD symptoms.

Non-Healing Wounds

When blood flow is inadequate, sores or wounds on the toes, feet or legs do not heal well, or heal slowly.

What to Look For?

Images courtesy of Dr. Raghu Kolluri.

Moderate
Venous Ulcer

Large
Venous Ulcer

Advanced Arterial Ulcer
with Gangrene

This information is not intended to be used as a diagnostic tool. Please consult a doctor right away, if you experience any of these PVD symptoms.

PVD Categories & Conditions

Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) is a complex disease which affects the anatomy and physiology of the legs. During diagnosis, a physician will try to assess the cause and extent of damage to the peripheral system. Conditions may occur singularly or in a combination.

  • Anatomical Changes – Effects to structures of the body: artery damage, vein damage, valve insufficiency
  • Physiological Changes – Effects on how the body works: healing issues, drainage issues, blood flow issues, clotting of the blood

Common PVD Conditions

Learn more about the most common PVD conditions which vary in progression, symptoms, diagnostics and treatment. Find out when to call a doctor and how patients are living with PVD today.

Artery Disease

PAD

Peripheral Artery Disease

PAD is a condition when plaque build-up causes a narrowing of the blood vessels thus reducing flow to the limbs, also called atherosclerosis.7

CLI

Critical Limb Ischemia

CLI is the advanced stages of PAD. Significant blockages occur in the arteries reducing blood flow to the legs and feet resulting in wounds that can lead to amputation.9

Clotting Disorders

DVT

Deep Vein Thrombosis

DVT is a serious, but preventable condition that occurs when a blood clot forms deep inside the veins.

Venous Disease

Deep Veins

DVI

Deep Venous Insufficiency

When veins have difficulty returning blood to the heart and become incompetent.

DVO

Deep Venous Obstruction

DVO is a condition when the veins become obstructed or compressed thus restricting flow to the legs and feet.

Superficial (Surface) Veins

SVI

Superficial Venous Insufficiency

SVI is a condition when the veins become weak, large, and twisted due to valve damage and fluid overload.

Lymphedema

Lymphedema is a condition that affects the lymphatic vessels.

This results in swelling as fluid pools in the legs and feet. CVI diminishes the capacity of the venous system and it increases the workload for the lymphatic system in the affected area.10

PVD & Me: Patient Stories

Read the inspiring stories of real patients with various conditions of PVD. Learn about their diagnosis, treatment and journey to regaining their quality of life.

PAD Stories

Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)

I had to stop and rest every time I went 30 or 40 feet.”

DVD Stories

Deep Venous Disease (DVD)

Patients with deep venous disease (DVD) often go through years of suffering with worsening symptoms and other underlying conditions. Learn about Melanie’s path to uncovering an underlying condition and her road back to restore her health.

Read Melanie’s story

DVT Stories

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) can strike quickly with little notice. Learn more about Reid’s condition and his road to recovery.

Read Reid’s story

CLI Stories

Critical Limb Ischemia (CLI)

Early intervention can be key for critical limb ischemia (CLI). Learn about Mark’s struggles and triumph to overcome CLI.

Read Mark’s Story

Helpful Resources

Third-Party Resources

Apps

CardioVisual

A mobile app built by cardiologists, to simplify understanding of most cardiac and peripheral vascular conditions and treatments.

cardio visual app
app store, google play

Find a Doctor that Treats PVD

Consult your doctor to learn more about PVD and how to maintain your health. You can also use our Doctor Finder tool below to find a specialist near you.

 
Within |
Robert Freedman

3311 Prescott Road | Alexandria, LA, 71301

Daniel Simon

347 Mount Pleasant Ave Suite 100 | West Orange, NJ, 7052

Daniel McDevitt

1035 Southcrest Dr, Suite 250 | Stockbridge, GA, 30281

Marvin Padnick

350 South 40th Street | Muskogee, OK, 74401

Patrick Mahon

87 McGregor Street | Manchester, NH, 3102

Jamie Strachan

1449 Old Waterbury Rd, Suite 101 | Southbury, CT, 6488

Aaron Aday

75 Francis St | Boston, MA, 02115

Russell Samson

600 North Cattlemen Rd | Sarasota, FL, 34232

Raghotham Patlola

5003 Hardy St, Ste 200 | Hattiesburg, MS, 39402

Bruce Brenner

200 S. Orange Ave | Livingston, NJ, 7052

Ernest Conti

3929 Mercy Drive | McHenry, IL, 60050

Sanjeev Trehan

6151 South Yale Ave Suite 1304 | Tulsa, OK, 74136

Tara Balint

2010 Health Campus Drive | Harrisonburg, VA, 22801

Stephen Bauer

1445 East Putman Ave, 1st Floor | Old Greenwich, CT, 6870

Deepak Nair

600 N Cattlemen Rd | Sarasota, FL, 34232

David Showalter

600 North Cattlemen Rd | Sarasota, Florida, 34232

Andrew Olinde

5131 O'Donovan Drive 301 | Baton Rouge, LA, 70808

Allison Barone

250 Engle Street | Englewood, NJ, 7631

Thomas Lutz

15 Tower Ct Suite 200 | Gurnee, IL, 60031

Mark Iafrati

800 Washington st | Boston, MA, 2111

Jerry Chen

2775 Laurel Street, Room 4203 | Vancouver, BC, V5Z1M9

Jonathan Bowman

495 Hawley Lane, Suite 2-A | Stratford, CT, 6614

Paul Vitulli

915 W Monroe St | Jacksonville, FL, 32004

Douglas Dorsay

600 North Cattlemen Rd | Sarasota, Florida, 34232

Carl Fastabend

501 Dr. Michael DeBakey Drive (3rd Floor) | Lake Charles, LA, 70601

Thomas Lee

131 Madison Avenue 2nd Floor | Morristown, NJ, 7960

Peter Swischuk

3109 Stirling rd. Suite 100 | Fort Lauderdale, FL, 33312

David Draughn, FACS, RVT, RPVI

15825 John J Delaney Dr | Charlotte, NC, 28277

Joe Viramontes

960 N 16th Street Suite 108 | Springfield, OR, 97477

Michael Sergi

75 Kings highway Cutoff, Suite 4B | Fairfield, CT, 6824

Manish Chauhan

2200 Park bend | Austin, TX, 78757

James Cunningham

8767 Perimeter Park Blvd | Jacksonville, FL, 32216

Nouri Al-Khaled

4400 W 95th Street, Suite 306 | Oak Lawn, IL, 60453

Cindy Sturt

200 S. Orange Ave | Livingston, NJ, 7039

Jesus Jimenez

2800 S Seacrest Dr. Suite 200 | Boyton Beach, FL, 33435

Andrei Pop

800 Biesterfield Road | Elk Grove Village, IL, 60007

Ediberto Soto-Cora

1139 Caper Rd | El Paso, TX, 79925

Kaveh Shahmohammadi

1449 Old Waterbury Rd, Suite 101 | Southbury, CT, 6488

Lori Pounds

7703 Floyd Curl Drive | SanAntonio, Texas, 78229

Alex Caballero

1879 Nightinglae Ln | Tavares , Florida, 32778

Thomas Levin

10837 South Cicero Avenue Suite 200 | Oak Lawn, IL, 60453

Leandro Perez

8188 Jog Rd. Suite 100 | Boyton Beach, FL, 33427

Jose Almeida

1501 S Miami Ave. | Miami Beach, FL, 33129

Saba Khan

800 Biesterfield Road | Elk Grove Village, IL, 60007

Jordan Knepper

5325 Elliot Drive, Suite 101 | Ypsilanti, MI, 48197

Jason Andre

12720 McManus Blvd, Suite 303 | Newport News, VA, 23602

Micheal Ayad

300A Faunce Corner Rd N | Darthmouth, MA, 02908

Yazan Khatib

Suite #160, FL, 32256

Santhosh Mathews

316 Manatee Ave W | Bradenton, FL, 34205

Patricio Rosa

601 N Flamingo Rd. Suite 408 | Pembroke Pines, FL, 33028

Akhilesh Sista

2315 Broadway 4th floor | New York, NY, 10024

Kathleen Gibson

1135 116th Avenue NE, Suite 305 | Bellevue, WA, 98004

James Sampson

101 Bodin Circle 60 SGCS/SGCH | Travis AFB, CA, 94535

Brian Heeringa

880 Munson Ave, Suite A | Traverse City, MI, 49686

Ravi Chandra

1920 SW 20th Place | Ocala, Florida, 34471

Vaqar Ali

7011 AC Skinner Parkway | Jacksonville, FL, 32256

David Burkart

4801 College Blvd | Leawood, KS, 66214

Asad Sawar

3010 E. 138th Avenue Suite 12 | Tampa, FL, 33613

Andrew Barleben

9434 Medical Center Dr. | La Jolla, CA, 92037

Gennady Geskin

6637 State Route 30 | Jeannette, PA, 15644

William Grande

8200 east Belleview Ave Suite 600e | Greenwood Village, CO, 80111

Jeffrey Carr

1783 Troup Highway | Tyler, TX, 75701

Vincent Digiovanni

Riddle Health Center 3, 1098 W Baltimore Pike, Suite 3308 | Media, PA, 19063

Ido Weinberg

55 Fruit St | Boston, MA, 02114

Dale Buchbinder

1212 York Road | Lutherville, MD, 31093

Paul Gagne

85 Old Kings Highway North | Darien, CT, 6820

Vasco Marques

3010 E. 138th Avenue Suite 12 | Tampa, FL, 33613

Scott Koss

725 American Ave | Waukesha, WI, 53188

Janardhan Srinivasan

2232 Wilborn Avenue | South Boston, VA, 24592

Steve Lin

1401 Harrodsburg Rd Ste A300 | Lexington, KY, 40509

Kais Yehyawi

6375 W US 6 | Portage, IN, 46368

Diego Hernandez

43700 Woodward Avenue, Suite 207 | Bloomfield Hills, MI, 48302

Deepak Sudheendra

3400 Spruce Street | Philadelphia, PA, 19104

Fuad Rafidi

23101 Sherman Place | West Hills, CA, 91307

Thomas Kerr

19189 N Dale Mabry Hwy | Lutz, FL, 33548

Hesham Fakhri

3010 E. 138th Avenue Suite 12 | Tampa, FL, 33613

Aaron Hurd

630 13th Street Suite 250 | Augusta, GA, 30901

Sunil Rayan

9850 Genesee Ave | La Jolla, CA, 92037

David Lipski

6420 Dutchmans Pkwy Suite 180 | Louisville, KY, 40205

Rias Ali

4740 Mile Stretch Drive | Holiday, FL, 34690

Jed Peterson

10123 SE Market Street | Portland, OR, 97216

Constantino Pena

8900 North Kendall Drive | Miami, FL, 33176

Zahi Nassoura

2710 Alameda Ave | Burbank, CA, 91505

Nader Chadda

6633 Forest Ave Ste 302 | New Port Richey, FL, 34653

Richard Ofstein

8075 N Shadeland Ave Ste 200 | Indianapolis, IN, 46037

Robert Davies

1301 Sigman Road, NE Suite 130 | Conyers, GA, 30012

Elizabeth Brooke Spencer, MD, FSIR

8200 east Belleview ave Suite 600 E | Greenwood Village, CO, 80111

Mazen Abu-Fadel

825 NE 10th St #2500 | Oklahoma City, OK, 73104

David Frankel

10666 N. Torrey Pines Rd. | La Jolla, CA, 92037

Patricia Thorpe

333 W Thomas Rd, Suite 207A | Phoenix, AZ, 85013

Peder Horner

1746 Cole Boulevard | Lakewood, CO, 80401

Fuad Rafidi

2710 | Burbank, CA, 91505

Gene Tanquilut

20060 Governors Drive Suite 102 | Olympia Fields, IL, 60461

Kannan Natarajan

8433 Harcourt Rd. Suite 100 | Indianapolis, IN, 46260

Charles Ross

95 Collier Road NW Suite 5015 | Atlanta, GA, 30309

Windsor Ting

1468 Madison Avenue or 1190 Fifth Avenue | New York, NY, 10029

Dev Mangalat

705 Jesse Jewell Parkway 125 | Gainseville, GA, 30501

Arun Jagannathan

23120 South LaGrange Road | Frankfort, IL, 60423

Michael Flisak

3231 South Euclid Avenue, Suite 207A | Berwyn, IL, 60402

Shahin Pourrabbani

3680 Imperial Highway | Lynwood, CA, 90262

Joe Viramontes, MD

960 N 16th Street | Springfield, OR, 97477

Blaine Borders

102 Thomas Rd. Suite 205 | West Monroe, LA, 71291

Pat Neville

4600 Memorial Dr. Suite 240 | Belleville, IL, 62226

Charles Wyble

61 Witcher Street, Suite 2100 | Marietta, GA, 30060

David Gillespie

363 Highland Ave | Fall River, MA, 2720

Polly Kokinos

2255 S. Bascom Avenue #200 | Campbell, CA, 95008

Howard Roth

23120 South LaGrange Road | Frankfort, IL, 60423

Anthony Avino, MD, FACS

4750 Water Avenue, Suite 500 | Savannah, GA, 31410

Murat Sor

3833 Fairfax Drive | Arlingston, VA, 22205

Mahesh Raju

3825 highland ave | downers Grove, IL, 60515

Kenneth Wright

19189 N Dale Mabry Hwy | Lutz, FL, 33548

Rick Coats

4600 Memorial Dr # 240 | Belleville, IL, 62260

Sendhil Subramanian

7130 Mt. Zion Blvd, Suite #10 | Jonesboro, GA, 30236

Richard Pin

363 Highland Ave | Fall River, MA, 2720

James McPherson

4644 Lincoln Blvd. Suite 500 | Marina del Rey, CA, 90292

Ben Marson

85 Old Kings Highway N, 1st Floor | Darien, CT, 6820

E. Jerry Cohn Jr., MD, FACS

4750 Water Avenue, Suite 500 | Savannah, GA, 31410

George Hemstreet

100 Rice Mine Road Loop | Tuscaloosa, AL, 35406

Harold Tabaie

18905 Sherman Way | Reseda, CA, 91335

Alberto Gonzalez

19189 N Dale Mabry Hwy | Lutz, FL, 33548

Ayaz Malik

1035 Bellevue Ave #500 | St. Louis, MO, 63117

Isabel Newton

200 W Arbor Dr. | San Diego, CA, 92103

Michael Ayad

363 Highland Avenue | Fall River, MA, 2720

Jozsef Lukacs

24800 S.E. Stark St. | Gresham, OR, 97030

Timothy Manoni

85 Old Kings Highway N, 1st Floor | Darien, CT, 6820

Larry Horesh, MD

4750 Water Avenue, Suite 500 | Savannah, GA, 31410

Amiel Moshfegh

11411 Brookshire Ave | Downey, CA, 90241

Lev Pukin M.D

2560 Ocean Ave | Brooklyn, NY, 11229

Parag Patel

6633 Forest Ave #300 | New Port Richey, FL, 34653

Hoang Nguyen

2 Good Samaritan Way Suite 220 | Mt. Vernon, IL, 62864

(Charles) Daniel Procter

725 Jesse Jewell Parkway #125 | Gainesville, GA, 30501

Michael Naumann

7777 Alvarado Road, Suite 108 | La Mesa, CA, 91942

Stephen Lalka

1001 Blythe Blvd., Suite 300 | Charlotte, NC, 28203

Taras Kucher

495 Hawley Lane, Suite 2-A | Stratford, CT, 6614

Junyang Lou

520 Medical Center Drive | Medford, OR, 97504

Michael Lepore

600 North Cattlemen Rd | Sarasota, FL, 34232

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1. “Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) Fact Sheet.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. June 16, 2016

2. “Venous Thromboembolism (Blood Clots).” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. August 13, 2015

3. Teraa et al. “Critical Limb Ischemia: Current Trends and Future Directions.” J. American Heart Association. Feb. 23, 2016

4. “Facts about Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD).” National Institutes of Health.  Publication No. 06-5837, August 2006.

5. D Carradice. “Superficial venous insufficiency from the infernal to the endothermic.” Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2014 Jan; 96(1): 5–10.

6. “Chronic Venous Insufficiency.” Cleveland Clinic. 12/15.

7. “Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD).” Mayo Clinic. Aug. 12, 2017

8. “Understand Your Risk for PAD.” American Heart Association, n.d.

9. “Peripheral Vascular Disease(PVD).” Stanford Health Care (SHC) – Stanford Medical Center. 13 July 2016

10. Melissa Conrad Stöppler. “Lymphedema.” MedicineNet.com. n.d.

Disclaimer

The opinions and clinical experiences presented herein are for informational purposes only. Individual results may vary depending on a variety of patient-specific attributes and related factors. Dr. Raghu Kolluri has been compensated by Philips for his services in preparing and providing this material for Philips further use and distribution.

We offer links to third-party websites that may be of interest to our website visitors and in no way, represent any affiliation or endorsement of the information provided on those linked websites. These links are provided solely for your convenience and to assist you in learning more information on this topic. However, Philips does not control, endorse or guarantee the accuracy of the information contained on the linked sites. In addition, Philips makes no representations or warranties of any kind with regards to any third-party websites or information contained therein. If you have any questions or concerns about the information on the linked third-party websites, please contact the third-party websites directly.