Symptoms of DVD

Because the symptoms of both DVI and DVO are similar, the following sections will refer to both vein malfunctions.

DVI

Deep Venous Disease (DVD)

DVI is a malfunctioning of the vein valves making it difficult for the veins to send blood back to the heart.3

DVO

Deep Venous Disease (DVD)

DVO is a compression of the vein resulting in either a partial or complete obstruction of the blood flow.

Sometimes people who may be otherwise healthy—most notably young women—may begin to experience various symptoms.4 For others with conditions such as NIVL, patients may not experience symptoms until triggered by an event such as an injury.

DVD symptoms include:

Deep Venous Disease (DVD)

Skin Changes

Color changes in the leg including: paleness or blueness, skin rash, redness and itching. Advanced DVD can exhibit skin ulcerations.

Deep Venous Disease (DVD)

Pain

Pain, deep throbbing diffuse pain in the leg muscles that occur after prolonged standing.

Deep Venous Disease (DVD)

Swelling

Deep venous disease (DVD) may cause uncomfortable swelling in the legs, feet and ankles.

Deep Venous Disease (DVD)

Non-healing Wounds

Sores or wounds on the legs, located above the ankle, that won’t heal or aren’t healing well.

Non-healing wound image courtesy of Dr. Raghu Kolluri.

DVD Diagnosis and Treatment

Problems deep in the veins—DVO or DVI—can signal several serious conditions, which is why it is important to obtain a diagnosis right away.

A doctor may use a combination of physical exam, medical history and one of several tools to make a diagnosis and determine if it is DVO or DVI.5

Deep venous obstruction (DVO) is either a compression of the vein limiting the flow of blood, or a complete blockage stopping the flow of blood.

Deep venous insufficiency (DVI) is a condition where the flow of blood through the veins is inadequate, usually caused by malfunctioning valves in the vein.

Deep Venous Obstruction (DVO) Diagnostic Procedures

Photos of Diagnostic Procedures

Deep Venous Disease (DVD)

Duplex Ultrasound

This is a non-invasive test which uses sound waves to create a color map of the blood vessels and examines blood flow in your legs.

Deep Venous Disease (DVD)

Magnetic Resonance Venography (MRV) or Computed Tomography Venography

A type of imaging tool that uses magnetic wave and radio energy to locate and measure the severity of a blocked blood vessel.

Deep Venous Disease (DVD)

IVUS

A special imaging device that uses a small catheter to image the interior of blood vessels and to help identify deep venous compression and its source.

Videos of DVO Diagnostic Procedures

Deep Venous Disease (DVD)

Duplex Ultrasound

This is a non-invasive test which uses sound waves to create a color map of the blood vessels and examines blood flow in your legs.

Deep Venous Disease (DVD)

Magnetic Resonance Venography (MRV) or Computed Tomography Venography

A type of imaging tool that uses magnetic wave and radio energy to locate and measure the severity of a blocked blood vessel.

Deep Venous Disease (DVD)

Intravascular Ultrasound (IVUS)

A special imaging device that uses a small catheter to image the interior of blood vessels and to help identify deep venous compression and its source.

DVO Treatments

Deep venous occlusion can progress with time, but can be treated effectively if found early.

A vascular specialist might recommend treatments that prevent further vein compression, or may suggest a surgical procedure to restore healthy blood flow.

These treatments may include:3

Photos of DVO Treatments

Deep Venous Disease (DVD)

Medication

Some medications can be taken orally while some need to be injected. They are used to reduce the chances of a blood clot and facilitate blood flow.

Deep Venous Disease (DVD)

Angioplasty / Stenting

This procedure involves the use of a catheter to open narrowed or blocked veins, increasing blood flow. It may also involve the placement of a stent to maintain the diameter of the blood vessel.

Deep Venous Insufficiency (DVI) Diagnostic Procedures

Deep venous insufficiency can encompass a blockage of a vein upstream or downstream resulting in an insufficiency of flow.

Photos of Diagnostic Procedures

Deep Venous Disease (DVD)

Duplex Ultrasound

This is a non-invasive test which uses sound waves to create a color map of the blood vessels and examines blood flow in your legs.

DVI Treatments

Photos of DVI Treatments

Deep Venous Disease (DVD)

Compression Stockings

These are recommended not only to prevent swelling, but to relieve pain associated with venous compression.

Videos of DVI Treatments

Deep Venous Disease (DVD)

Compression Stockings

These are recommended not only to prevent swelling, but to relieve pain associated with venous compression.

DVD Patient Stories

Deep venous insufficiency can cause pooling of blood in the legs and feet causing swelling and pain especially after prolonged standing. Take the step and learn from other patients what the road to recovery is like.

Deep Venous Disease (DVD)

I felt pain in my leg all day, like I had pulled a muscle. That evening, I collapsed.”

PAD Stories

Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)

Many PAD patients experience a gradual decline in activity level and quality of life which can go unnoticed for years. Learn about Joe’s suspicions and his perseverance to seek help.

Read Joe’s story

CLI Stories

Critical Limb Ischemia (CLI)

Early intervention can be key for critical limb ischemia (CLI). Learn about Mark’s struggles and triumph to overcome CLI.

Read Mark’s Story

DVT Stories

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) can strike quickly with little notice. Learn more about Reid’s condition and his road to recovery.

Read Reid’s story

Helpful Resources

PVD Doctor
Discussion Guide

Get helpful tips and advice on how to talk to your doctor about a PVD screening.

Download now

DVD Brochure

Find out more information on DVD by downloading this helpful brochure.

Download now

Third-Party Resources

Apps

CardioVisual

A mobile app built by cardiologists, to simplify understanding of most cardiac and peripheral vascular conditions and treatments.

cardio visual app
app store, google play

Find a Doctor that Treats DVD

Consult your doctor to learn more about DVD risks and how to maintain your vascular health. You can also use our tool below to find a specialist near you.

 
Within |
Gene Tanquilut

20060 Governors Drive Suite 102 | Olympia Fields, IL, 60461

Kannan Natarajan

8433 Harcourt Rd. Suite 100 | Indianapolis, IN, 46260

Charles Ross

95 Collier Road NW Suite 5015 | Atlanta, GA, 30309

Windsor Ting

1468 Madison Avenue or 1190 Fifth Avenue | New York, NY, 10029

Dev Mangalat

705 Jesse Jewell Parkway 125 | Gainseville, GA, 30501

Arun Jagannathan

23120 South LaGrange Road | Frankfort, IL, 60423

Aaron Aday

75 Francis St | Boston, MA, 02115

Bret Wiechmann

6685 NW 9th Blvd | Gainesville, Florida, 32605

Vascular & Interventional Physicians

Omar Saleh

1520 North Mountain Ave Bld E | Ontario, Suite #205, CA

Paul Vitulli

915 W Monroe St | Jacksonville, FL, 32004

Deepak Sudheendra

3400 Spruce Street | Philadelphia, PA, 19104

Davin Haraway

2440 E 81st St | Tulsa, OK, 74137

Christopher Kim

6321 S. Redwood Rd | Taylorsville, Utah, 84123

Srinivas Gunukula

5308 N. Galloway Ave, suite# 100 | Mesquite, TX, 75150

Blaine Borders

102 Thomas Rd. Suite 205 | West Monroe, LA, 71291

Pat Neville

4600 Memorial Dr. Suite 240 | Belleville, IL, 62226

Charles Wyble

61 Witcher Street, Suite 2100 | Marietta, GA, 30060

David Gillespie

363 Highland Ave | Fall River, MA, 2720

Polly Kokinos

2255 S. Bascom Avenue #200 | Campbell, CA, 95008

Howard Roth

23120 South LaGrange Road | Frankfort, IL, 60423

Micheal Ayad

300A Faunce Corner Rd N | Darthmouth, MA, 02908

Ashish Gupta

S 1222 Orange Ave | Orlando, FL, 32806

Orlando Health Heart Institute

Muthusamy Velusamy

6328 Gunn Hwy | Tampa, FL, 33625

Scott Cameron

601 Elmwood Ave | Rochester, NY, 14624

Peder Horner

1746 Cole Boulevard | Lakewood, CO, 80401

William Crowder

970 Lakeland Drive | Jackson, MS, 39216

Jana Bevill

1000 Towne Center Blvd | Pooler, Georgia, 31322

Awais Siddique

2500 West Layton Ave. | Milwaukee, WI, 53221

Kenneth Wright

19189 N Dale Mabry Hwy | Lutz, FL, 33548

Rick Coats

4600 Memorial Dr # 240 | Belleville, IL, 62260

Sendhil Subramanian

7130 Mt. Zion Blvd, Suite #10 | Jonesboro, GA, 30236

Richard Pin

363 Highland Ave | Fall River, MA, 2720

James McPherson

4644 Lincoln Blvd. Suite 500 | Marina del Rey, CA, 90292

Ben Marson

85 Old Kings Highway N, 1st Floor | Darien, CT, 6820

Fuad Rafidi

23101 Sherman Place | West Hills, CA, 91307

Mohamed Sheta

3709 Magnolia Street | Orangeburg, SC

Dialysis Access Institute

M. Syed Faisal Alam

1525 E. Beltline Ave, NE | Grand Rapids, MI, 49525

Manish Chauhan

2200 Park bend | Austin, TX, 78757

E. Jerry Cohn Jr., MD, FACS

4750 Water Avenue | Savannah, GA, 31410

James Bennett

970 Lakeland Drive | Jackson, MS, 39216

Elias Kassab

5250 Auto Club Drive | Dearborn, Michigan , 48126

Arash Padidar

105 N. Bascom Ave. | San Jose, CA, 95128

Alberto Gonzalez

19189 N Dale Mabry Hwy | Lutz, FL, 33548

Ayaz Malik

1035 Bellevue Ave #500 | St. Louis, MO, 63117

Isabel Newton

200 W Arbor Dr. | San Diego, CA, 92103

Michael Ayad

363 Highland Avenue | Fall River, MA, 2720

Jozsef Lukacs

24800 S.E. Stark St. | Gresham, OR, 97030

Taras Kucher

495 Hawley Lane, Suite 2-A | Stratford, CT, 6614

Zahi Nassoura

2710 Alameda Ave | Burbank, CA, 91505

Kishor Vora

1200 Breckenridge Street | Owensboro, KY, 42303

Owensboro Heart & Vascular

Todd Jenkins

500 J. Clyde Morris Blvd | Newport News, VA, 23601

Deepak Nair

600 N Cattlemen Rd | Sarasota, FL, 34232

Larry Horesh, MD

4750 Water Avenue | Savannah, GA, 31410

Thomas Davis

24211 Little Mack Ave | Saint Clair Shores, MI, 48080

Nishit Choksi

5250 Auto Club Drive | Dearborn, Michigan , 48126

Ben Marsan

215 Stillwater Ave | Stamford, CT, 6902

Parag Patel

6633 Forest Ave #300 | New Port Richey, FL, 34653

Hoang Nguyen

2 Good Samaritan Way Suite 220 | Mt. Vernon, IL, 62864

(Charles) Daniel Procter

725 Jesse Jewell Parkway #125 | Gainesville, GA, 30501

Michael Naumann

7777 Alvarado Road, Suite 108 | La Mesa, CA, 91942

Stephen Lalka

1001 Blythe Blvd., Suite 300 | Charlotte, NC, 28203

Jamie Strachan

1449 Old Waterbury Rd, Suite 101 | Southbury, CT, 6488

Harold Tabaie

18905 Sherman Way | Reseda, CA, 91335

Ali Raza M.D.

2100 1st Avenue South | St. Petersburg, FL, 33712

Gateway Radiology

Edward Jerry Cohn

4750 Waters Ave | Savanna, GA, 31404

Lori Pounds

7703 Floyd Curl Drive | SanAntonio, Texas, 78229

Anthony Avino, MD, FACS

4750 Water Avenue | Savannah, GA, 31410

Marc Gosselin

24211 Little Mack Ave | Saint Clair Shores, MI, 48080

Nishta Sareen

5250 Auto Club Drive | Dearborn, Michigan , 48126

Timothy Manoni

215 Stillwater Ave | Stamford, CT, 6902

Robert Freedman

3311 Prescott Road | Alexandria, LA, 71301

Daniel Simon

347 Mount Pleasant Ave Suite 100 | West Orange, NJ, 7052

Daniel McDevitt

1035 Southcrest Dr, Suite 250 | Stockbridge, GA, 30281

Marvin Padnick

350 South 40th Street | Muskogee, OK, 74401

Patrick Mahon

87 McGregor Street | Manchester, NH, 3102

Stephen Bauer

1445 East Putman Ave, 1st Floor | Old Greenwich, CT, 6870

Lev Pukin M.D

2560 Ocean Ave | Brooklyn, NY, 11229

Gagandeep Mangat M.D

2100 1st Avenue South | St. Petersburg, FL, 33712

Gateway Radiology

Harold Tabaie

18905 Sherman Way | Reseda, CA, 91335

Junyang Lou

520 Medical Center Drive | Medford, OR, 97504

Spencer Brown

6076 Bristol Parkway | Culver City, CA, 90230

Lina M Vargas

410 Celebration | Celebration, FL, 34747

Sanjeev Ravipudi

2103 Silva Lane | Moberly, MO, 65270

Taras Kucher

215 Stillwater Ave | Stamford, CT, 6902

Raghotham Patlola

5003 Hardy St, Ste 200 | Hattiesburg, MS, 39402

Bruce Brenner

200 S. Orange Ave | Livingston, NJ, 7052

Ernest Conti

3929 Mercy Drive | McHenry, IL, 60050

Sanjeev Trehan

6151 South Yale Ave Suite 1304 | Tulsa, OK, 74136

Tara Balint

2010 Health Campus Drive | Harrisonburg, VA, 22801

Jonathan Bowman

495 Hawley Lane, Suite 2-A | Stratford, CT, 6614

Junyang Lou

455 Toll Gate Rd | Warwick, RI, 02886

Brigham and Women's Cardiovascular Associates at Care New England

Ratan Ahuja

759 Harley Strickland Blvd | Orange City, FL, 32763

Florida Cardiopulmonary Center

Lev Pukin M.D.

2560 Ocean Avenue | Brooklyn, NY, 11229-4507

David Showalter

600 North Cattlemen Rd | Sarasota, Florida, 34232

Shahin Pourrabbani

3680 Imperial Highway | Lynwood, CA, 90262

Richard Hershberger

600 North Cattlemen Rd | Sarasota, FL, 34232

Mark Garcia

701 N. Clayton St. | Wilmington, DE, 19805

Timothy Manoni

215 Stillwater Ave | Stamford, CT, 6902

Andrew Olinde

5131 O'Donovan Drive 301 | Baton Rouge, LA, 70808

Allison Barone

250 Engle Street | Englewood, NJ, 7631

Thomas Lutz

15 Tower Ct Suite 200 | Gurnee, IL, 60031

Mark Iafrati

800 Washington st | Boston, MA, 2111

Jerry Chen

2775 Laurel Street, Room 4203 | Vancouver, BC, V5Z1M9

Michael Sergi

75 Kings highway Cutoff, Suite 4B | Fairfield, CT, 6824

Jinok Chung

721 George Nigh Express Way | McAlester, OK, 74501

Oklahoma Heart Hospital

Mohammad Ali Saeed

16701 Creek Bend Dr | Sugar Land, TX, 77478

Advanced Vascular & Interventional Center

Mahesh Raju

3825 Highland Ave | Downers Grove, IL, 60515

Russell Samson

600 North Cattlemen Rd | Sarasota, FL, 34232

Christopher Marrocco

3680 Imperial Highway | Lynwood, CA, 90262

Mark Bowles

2600 N Woodlawn Blvd | Wichita, KS

Foluso Fakorede

800 North Pearman | Cleveland, MS, 3873

Jonathan Bowman

215 Stillwater Ave | Stamford, CT, 6902

Carl Fastabend

501 Dr. Michael DeBakey Drive (3rd Floor) | Lake Charles, LA, 70601

Thomas Lee

131 Madison Avenue 2nd Floor | Morristown, NJ, 7960

Peter Swischuk

3109 Stirling rd. Suite 100 | Fort Lauderdale, FL, 33312

David Draughn, FACS, RVT, RPVI

15825 John J Delaney Dr | Charlotte, NC, 28277

Joe Viramontes

960 N 16th Street Suite 108 | Springfield, OR, 97477

Kaveh Shahmohammadi

1449 Old Waterbury Rd, Suite 101 | Southbury, CT, 6488

Madaiah Revana

9950 Memorial Blvd., Suite 201 | Humble, TX, 77338

Northeast Houston Vein Center

Madaiah Revana

9950 Memorial Blvd | Humble, TX, 77338

Joe Viramontes, MD

960 N 16th Street | Springfield, OR, 97477

Michael Lepore

600 North Cattlemen Rd | Sarasota, FL, 34232

Amiel Moshfegh

11411 Brookshire Ave | Downey, CA, 90241

Jim Melton

3200 Quail Springs Parkway | Oklahoma City, OK, 73134

Cardiovascular Health Clinic

Matthew Comstock

11912 S Norwood Ave | Tulsa, OK, 74137

Stephen Bauer

215 Stillwater Ave | Stamford, CT, 6902

Nouri Al-Khaled

4400 W 95th Street, Suite 306 | Oak Lawn, IL, 60453

Cindy Sturt

200 S. Orange Ave | Livingston, NJ, 7039

Jesus Jimenez

2800 S Seacrest Dr. Suite 200 | Boyton Beach, FL, 33435

Andrei Pop

800 Biesterfield Road | Elk Grove Village, IL, 60007

Ediberto Soto-Cora

1139 Caper Rd | El Paso, TX, 79925

Jason Andre

12720 McManus Blvd, Suite 303 | Newport News, VA, 23602

Jihad Mustapha

1525 E. Beltline NE, Ste. 101 | Grand Rapids, MI, 49525

Advanced Cardiac & Vascular Centers for Amputation Prevention

Marcus Smith

3200 Quail Springs Parkway | Oklahoma City, OK, 73134

Cardiovascular Health Clinic

Fuad Rafidi

2710 Alameda Ave | Burbank, CA, 91505

Douglas Dorsay

600 North Cattlemen Rd | Sarasota, Florida, 34232

George Hemstreet

100 Rice Mine Road Loop | Tuscaloosa, AL, 35406

Dwayne Schmidt

3200 Quail Springs Parkway | Oklahoma City, OK, 73134

Cardiovascular Health Clinic

Corey Keith Goldman

5041 Broadway | New York , New York , 10034

Paul Gagne

85 Old Kings Highway North | Darien, CT, 6820

Thomas Levin

10837 South Cicero Avenue Suite 200 | Oak Lawn, IL, 60453

Leandro Perez

8188 Jog Rd. Suite 100 | Boyton Beach, FL, 33427

Jose Almeida

1501 S Miami Ave. | Miami Beach, FL, 33129

Saba Khan

800 Biesterfield Road | Elk Grove Village, IL, 60007

Jordan Knepper

5325 Elliot Drive, Suite 101 | Ypsilanti, MI, 48197

Brian Heeringa

880 Munson Ave, Suite A | Traverse City, MI, 49686

Fadi Saab

1525 E. Beltline NE, Ste. 101 | Grand Rapids, MI

Advanced Cardiac & Vascular Centers for Amputation Prevention

William Davis

322 Shirley Avenue | Douglas, GA, 31533

Douglas Vascular Center

Zahi Nassoura

18840 Ventura Blvd | Tarzana, CA, 91356

Robert E. Edmonson, MD

221 W Colorado Blvd Pavillion 2, | Dallas, TX, 75208

James Cunningham

8767 Perimeter Park Blvd | Jacksonville, FL, 32216

Blake Parsons

3200 Quail Springs Parkway | Oklahoma City, OK, 73134

Cardiovascular Health Clinic

Corey Goldman

625 East Fordham Road | Bronx, New York , 10458

Santhosh Mathews

316 Manatee Ave W | Bradenton, FL, 34205

Patricio Rosa

601 N Flamingo Rd. Suite 408 | Pembroke Pines, FL, 33028

Akhilesh Sista

2315 Broadway 4th floor | New York, NY, 10024

Kathleen Gibson

1135 116th Avenue NE, Suite 305 | Bellevue, WA, 98004

James Sampson

101 Bodin Circle 60 SGCS/SGCH | Travis AFB, CA, 94535

Vincent Digiovanni

Riddle Health Center 3, 1098 W Baltimore Pike, Suite 3308 | Media, PA, 19063

Sachin Jain

944 N Broadway #106 | Yonkers, NY

Jain Medical PC

Sreekumar Madassery

1725 W Harrison St. | Chicago, IL, 60612

Chicago Vascular & Vein Institute at Rush University Medical Center

Vaqar Ali

7011 AC Skinner Parkway | Jacksonville, FL, 32256

Abhishek Kumar

150 Bergen Street | Newark, NJ, 7103

Cade Raggio

3833 Fairfax Drive | Arlington, VA, 22205

Abaraham Lin

1000 Towne Center Blvd | Pooler, Georgia, 31322

David Penn

7402 Davidson Circle West | Stockbridge, GA, 30281

Asad Sawar

3010 E. 138th Avenue Suite 12 | Tampa, FL, 33613

Andrew Barleben

9434 Medical Center Dr. | La Jolla, CA, 92037

Gennady Geskin

6637 State Route 30 | Jeannette, PA, 15644

William Grande

8200 east Belleview Ave Suite 600e | Greenwood Village, CO, 80111

Jeffrey Carr

1783 Troup Highway | Tyler, TX, 75701

Diego Hernandez

43700 Woodward Avenue, Suite 207 | Bloomfield Hills, MI, 48302

Rajesh Sharma

905 W 124th Avenue | Westminster, Colorado

Advanced Heart and Vein Center

Divyang Ayar

8619 Broadway Street | Pearland, TX, 77584

Coastal Vascular

Yazan Khatib

7011 AC Skinner Parkway | Jacksonville, FL, 32256

Ronald Winokur

2315 Broadway | New York, NY, 10024

Murat Sor

3833 Fairfax Drive | Arlingston, VA, 22205

Alexander Salloum

387 North Escondido Blvd | Escondido, CA, 92025

Hiranya Rajasinghe

2350 Vanderbilt Beach Road | Naples, FL, 34109

David Burkart

4801 College Blvd | Leawood, KS, 66214

Vasco Marques

3010 E. 138th Avenue Suite 12 | Tampa, FL, 33613

Scott Koss

725 American Ave | Waukesha, WI, 53188

Janardhan Srinivasan

2232 Wilborn Avenue | South Boston, VA, 24592

Steve Lin

1401 Harrodsburg Rd Ste A300 | Lexington, KY, 40509

Kais Yehyawi

6375 W US 6 | Portage, IN, 46368

Jed Peterson

10123 SE Market Street | Portland, OR, 97216

James Burks

16917 Enadia Way | Van Nuys, CA, 91406

Valley Vascular Associates

Mohammad Saeed

9701 Richmond Ave | Houston, TX, 77479

Advanced Vascular & Interventional Center

Constantino Pena

8900 North Kendall Drive | Miami, FL, 33176

Ravi Chandra

1920 SW 20th Place | Ocala, Florida, 34471

Shankar Sundaram

15611 Pomerado Road | Poway, CA, 92064

Andrew Martin

12610 E. Northwest Highway | Dallas, TX, 75228

Victor Shi, MD

660 Monterey Pass Rd | Monterey Park, CA, 91754

Thomas Kerr

19189 N Dale Mabry Hwy | Lutz, FL, 33548

Hesham Fakhri

3010 E. 138th Avenue Suite 12 | Tampa, FL, 33613

Aaron Hurd

630 13th Street Suite 250 | Augusta, GA, 30901

Sunil Rayan

9850 Genesee Ave | La Jolla, CA, 92037

David Lipski

6420 Dutchmans Pkwy Suite 180 | Louisville, KY, 40205

Rias Ali

4740 Mile Stretch Drive | Holiday, FL, 34690

Patricia Thorpe

333 W Thomas Rd, Suite 207A | Phoenix, AZ, 85013

Aaron Kovaleski

11920 Lioness Way | Parker, CO, 80134

Minimally Invasive Procedure Specialists

Uttam Tripathy

16605 Southwest Fwy Ste 575 | Sugar Land, TX, 77479

Alex Caballero

1879 Nightinglae Ln | Tavares , Florida, 32778

Dennis Bandyk MD

9434 Medical Center Drive | La Jolla, CA, 92037

Dale Buchbinder

1212 York Road | Lutherville, MD, 31093

Bhavananda Reddy

6321 S. Redwood Rd | Taylorsville, Utah, 84123

Salar Hakham, MD

660 Monterey Pass Rd | Monterey Park, CA, 91754

Nader Chadda

6633 Forest Ave Ste 302 | New Port Richey, FL, 34653

Richard Ofstein

8075 N Shadeland Ave Ste 200 | Indianapolis, IN, 46037

Robert Davies

1301 Sigman Road, NE Suite 130 | Conyers, GA, 30012

Elizabeth Brooke Spencer, MD, FSIR

8200 east Belleview ave Suite 600 E | Greenwood Village, CO, 80111

Mazen Abu-Fadel

825 NE 10th St #2500 | Oklahoma City, OK, 73104

David Frankel

10666 N. Torrey Pines Rd. | La Jolla, CA, 92037

Michael Flisak

3231 South Euclid Avenue, Suite 207A | Berwyn, IL, 60402

Azher Iqbal

6337 Transit Road | Depew, NY, 14043

Buffalo Vascular Care

James St. George

8767 Perimeter Park Blvd | FL, Jacksonville, 32216

Jun-Yang Lou

520 Medical Center Drive | Medford, OR, 97504

Ido Weinberg

55 Fruit St | Boston, MA, 02114

Hamid Sattar

19727 Allen Road | Brownstown, MI, 48183

Ashok Kondur

5250 Auto Club Drive | Dearborn, Michigan , 48126

Christopher Yi

387 North Escondido Blvd | Escondido, CA, 92025

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1. Henke, P. “Chronic Venous Insufficiency.” Society for Vascular Surgery. n.d.

2. Butros et al. “Venous compression syndromes: clinical features, imaging findings and management.” Br J Radiol. 2013 Oct; 86(1030): 20130284.

3. “Venous insufficiency.” MedlinePLUS. U.S. National Library of Medicine. June 6, 2016.

4. Raju et al. “High prevalence of nonthrombotic iliac vein lesions in chronic venous disease: A permissive role in pathogenicity.” Journal of Vascular Surgery. Volume 44, Issue 1, Pages 136–144

5. “Venous Thromboembolism (Blood Clots).” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. August 13, 2015

Disclaimer

The opinions and clinical experiences presented herein are for informational purposes only. Individual results may vary depending on a variety of patient-specific attributes and related factors. Dr. Raghu Kolluri has been compensated by Philips for his services in preparing and providing this material for Philips further use and distribution.

We offer links to third-party websites that may be of interest to our website visitors and in no way, represent any affiliation or endorsement of the information provided on those linked websites. These links are provided solely for your convenience and to assist you in learning more information on this topic. However, Philips does not control, endorse or guarantee the accuracy of the information contained on the linked sites. In addition, Philips makes no representations or warranties of any kind with regards to any third-party websites or information contained therein. If you have any questions or concerns about the information on the linked third-party websites, please contact the third-party websites directly