Symptom Details

Arterial conditions, such as peripheral artery disease (PAD) and critical limb ischemia (CLI), and venous conditions, such as deep venous disease (DVD) and superficial venous insufficiency (SVI) can produce notable changes in the skin, especially on the legs and feet.

Changes in the texture and color of the skin are a result of poor circulation in the arteries and veins.2,3,4

When the circulation is compromised blood flow is decreased resulting in increased pressure in the vessels, leading to inflammation of the skin on one or both legs. The resulting inflammation may cause the skin to become leathery, itchy or reddish.1 Without treatment, increased swelling and skin inflammation due to poor circulation of blood can lead to serious complications such as rash, sores that are open as well as other ulcerations.5 Venous insufficiencies (DVI) can lead to stasis dermatitis which causes itching, scaling, hyperpigmentation, and sometimes ulceration.7 These are serious conditions that require prompt diagnosis and treatment. It is important you take the step and seek help from your doctor if you notice changes in your skin.

Skin changes to your feet or legs can be a sign of several conditions such as PAD, DVD or SVI. The progressive conditions may start out with mild symptoms but with time, may lead to more moderate to severe symptoms.

Mild

  • Arterial conditions may produce poor nail growth on the toes
  • When blood pools around the extremities, it may lead to increased warmth around the affected leg
  • The skin may become dry and itchy
  • Skin feeling cool to the touch

Moderate

  • There may be decreased hair growth on the legs as tissue begins to die
  • The skin can become pigmented and thick (lipodermatosclerosis) and easily break down
  • As venous disease progresses, there may be increased swelling, pressure and redness

Severe

  • Ulcerations in the ankles or calves may occur, as the skin breaks down and are slow to heal
  • Arterial conditions such as CLI may lead to ulcers on the feet and toes and eventually to black toes
  • Gangrene may develop and is a sign that tissue has died because of lack of blood flow

Causes

When PVD causes skin changes it is a direct result of poor circulation. Trauma or surgery can also cause injury to an artery or vein resulting in skin changes.

There are a number of other diseases and conditions not related to PVD that can exhibit skin changes. Only your doctor can pinpoint the cause of your skin changes.

Risk Factors

There are many risk factors that may predispose a person to developing skin changes due to PVD.

In addition to vascular causes, other risk factors include:1

  • Age can be a risk factor for developing skin changes as poor circulation commonly develops in adults over 60 years of age
  • Previous trauma or injury can impair the body’s ability to move blood and can lead to skin changes
  • Gender can play a role as women are twice as likely to develop the condition than men
  • Multiple pregnancies can put pressure on a woman’s pelvic area and veins, resulting in skin changes in the lower extremities
  • Lifestyle can play a role, as standing for long periods of time and lack of exercise can reduce the body’s ability to circulate blood
  • Other medical conditions such as obesity and being overweight can increase the likelihood of developing skin changes due to increased pressure on the veins. High blood pressure and diabetes can also play a role in developing PVD and the resulting skin changes.

What to Look For

Skin Changes

  • The skin can become dry, cracked and leathery
  • The skin may feel itchy and irritated
  • Hyperpigmentation may develop as the skin lacks proper blood flow and oxygen
  • Redness may be present due to swelling
  • Eczema or rash
  • If the condition has progressed to severe stages, black toes or gangrene may be present
  • Poor nail growth
  • Reduced hair growth on the legs
  • Lack of pulse or weak pulse
  • Skin feels cool to the touch
  • Sores on the legs or feet that may also bleed and are either slow to heal or non-healing.
    • If the sores seep pus and have a bad odor, it may be an indication of an infection, which requires prompt medical attention

Associated Symptoms

Varicose Veins

Varicose veins can become inflamed when the pooling of blood results in pressure on the vein walls resulting in redness, swelling, and a diffuse pain.

Swelling

Blood pooling in the legs creates pressure on the valves of the veins and damages the capillaries (small blood vessels) and leads to swelling.

Non-Healing Wounds

Ulcers can develop on both the legs and the feet. Ulcers which are above the ankle are usually a result of severe venous disease; the skin breaks down over time and wounds develop. Wounds that won’t heal or are slow to heal on the lower ankle and foot and a result of CLI, where the arteries are unable to bring oxygen rich blood to the foot and the tissues begin to die.

When to See a Doctor

Skin changes and discoloration may be a sign of a condition, such as PAD and DVD, which progresses if not treated properly. Other conditions such as CLI may produce skin changes that require prompt medical attention right away.

Talk to your doctor if you are concerned about skin changes. In the case of ulcerations, gangrene or black toes, see your doctor immediately.

Helpful Resources

PVD Doctor
Discussion Guide

Get helpful tips and advice on how to talk to your doctor about a PVD screening.

Download now

Third-Party Resources

Apps

CardioVisual

A mobile app built by cardiologists, to simplify understanding of most cardiac and peripheral vascular conditions and treatments.

cardio visual app
app store, google play

Find a Doctor

If you think you are experiencing skin changes, it is important to get help. Take the step and talk to your doctor, or use our tool below to find a specialist near you.

 
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84 North Main Street | Branford, CT, 6405

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173 Wadsworth Drive, | Richmond, VA, 23236

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71780 SAN JACINTO DRIVE, BUILDING I | RANCHO MIRAGE, CA, 92270

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417 Libbie Ave | Richmond, VA, 23226

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360 Tolland Turnpike | Manchester, CT, 06042

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1180 Seton Pkwy #450, | Kyle, TX, 78640

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3300 Oakdale Ave. N., Ste. 200 | Robbinsdale, MN, 55422

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909 E. 9400 S. | Sandy, UT, 84094

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6569 N Charles Street | Towson, Maryland , 21204

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77 Thomas Johnson Drive | Frederick , MD, 21702

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10012 Kennerly Road | Saint Louis, Missouri, 63126

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200 Raritan Commons Suite 101 | Flemington, New Jersey, 8822

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880 N Oak Park Blvd | Arroyo Grande, California, 93420

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1511 W. Glenoaks Blvd | Glendale, California, 91201

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5131 O'Donovan Drive 301 | Baton Rouge, LA, 70808

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250 Engle Street | Englewood, NJ, 7631

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15 Tower Ct Suite 200 | Gurnee, IL, 60031

Andrei Pop

800 Biesterfield Road | Elk Grove Village, IL, 60007

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1139 Caper Rd | El Paso, TX, 79925

Jason Andre

12720 McManus Blvd, Suite 303 | Newport News, VA, 23602

Jihad Mustapha

1525 E. Beltline NE, Ste. 101 | Grand Rapids, MI, 49525

Advanced Cardiac & Vascular Centers for Amputation Prevention

Sreekumar Madassery

1725 W Harrison St. | Chicago, IL, 60612

Chicago Vascular & Vein Institute at Rush University Medical Center

Yazan Khatib

7011 AC Skinner Parkway | Jacksonville, FL, 32256

Ronald Winokur

2315 Broadway | New York, NY, 10024

Shankar Sundaram

15611 Pomerado Road | Poway, CA, 92064

Andrew Martin

12610 E. Northwest Highway | Dallas, TX, 75228

Christopher Yi

387 North Escondido Blvd | Escondido, CA, 92025

Jonathan Kittredge

901 S Main St | Fall River, MA, 02724

Fredrick Southern

5589 Greenwich Rd | Virginia Beach, VA, 23462

Walid Saber

191 Social St | Woonsocket, RI, 2895

Ahmad Abu-Ghaida

5233 King Ave, Suite 208 | Baltimore, MD, 21237

Mubashar Choudry

7610 Carroll Ave | Takoma Park, MD, 20912

Son Ha Yu

71780 SAN JACINTO DRIVE, BUILDING I | Rancho Mirage, CA, 92270

John Strobel

565 W 465 N #130 | Providence, ID, 84332

Avik Mukherjee

417 Libbie Ave | Richmond, VA, 23226

Marsel Huribal

75 Kings Highway Cutoff | Fairfield, CT, 06824

Zachary George

877 B West Faris Road | Greenville, SC, 29605

Gary Ansel

3705 Olentangy River Road | Columbus, OH, 43214

ASHISH PAL

1206 N.MILLS AVE | ORLANDO, Florida, 32803

Peter Mackrell

6569 N Charles Street | Towson, Maryland , 21204

Paul Tolerico

25 Monument Road | York, Pennsylvania, 17402

Ravi Rao

270 Sykes Creek Parkway | Merritt Island, Florida, 32953

Phillip Zeni Jr.

6126 Poplar Ave | Memphis, Tennessee, 38118

Ava Star

14085 Crown Court | Woodbridge, Virginia, 22193

Carl Fastabend

501 Dr. Michael DeBakey Drive (3rd Floor) | Lake Charles, LA, 70601

Thomas Lee

131 Madison Avenue 2nd Floor | Morristown, NJ, 7960

Peter Swischuk

3109 Stirling rd. Suite 100 | Fort Lauderdale, FL, 33312

Saba Khan

800 Biesterfield Road | Elk Grove Village, IL, 60007

Jordan Knepper

5325 Elliot Drive, Suite 101 | Ypsilanti, MI, 48197

Brian Heeringa

880 Munson Ave, Suite A | Traverse City, MI, 49686

Fadi Saab

1525 E. Beltline NE, Ste. 101 | Grand Rapids, MI

Advanced Cardiac & Vascular Centers for Amputation Prevention

Mohammad Saeed

9701 Richmond Ave | Houston, TX, 77479

Advanced Vascular & Interventional Center

Constantino Pena

8900 North Kendall Drive | Miami, FL, 33176

Ravi Chandra

1920 SW 20th Place | Ocala, Florida, 34471

Dale Buchbinder

1212 York Road | Lutherville, MD, 31093

Ashok Kondur

5250 Auto Club Drive | Dearborn, Michigan , 48126

Srinivas Gunukula

5308 N. Galloway Ave, suite# 100 | Mesquite, TX, 75150

Ibrahim Eid

901 S Main St | Fall River, MA, 02724

David Draughn

860 Summit Crossing Place | Gastonia, NC, 28054

Barry Weinstock

450 W Central Pkwy | Altamonte Springs, FL, 32714

Babak Vakili

2170 West State Road 434, Suite 190 | Longwood, FL, 32779

Mubashar Choudry

8816 Jericho City Drive | Largo, MD, 20785

Sonya Noor

100 HIGHT ST, SUITE C1 | Buffalo, NY, 14203

Joseph Coatti

2358 Lifestyle Way, Suite 100 | Chattanooga, TN, 37421

Gregg Londrey

417 Libbie Ave | Richmond, VA, 23226

Andrew Baxter

75 Kings Highway Cutoff | Fairfield, CT, 06824

Ziad Khoury

914 S. 12th Street | Altoona, PA, 16602

Paul Michael MD

4665 S Congress Ave, Suite 100 | Palm Springs, FL, 33461

Nayan Agarwal

6550 main street suite 1000 | zachary, Louisiana, 70791

Michael Osgood

4801 Dorsey Hall Drive | Ellicott City, Maryland , 21042

Justin Dunn

95 Arch Street | Akron, Ohio, 44304

Venkataramanan Gangadharan

9250 North 3rd Street | Phoenix, Arizona, 85020

Mahmood Ali

3615 N Beltline Road | Sunnyvale, Texas, 75182

Pridhvi Yelamanchili

2045 S Vineyard Ave | Mesa, Arizona, 85249

Nouri Al-Khaled

4400 W 95th Street, Suite 306 | Oak Lawn, IL, 60453

Cindy Sturt

200 S. Orange Ave | Livingston, NJ, 7039

Jesus Jimenez

2800 S Seacrest Dr. Suite 200 | Boyton Beach, FL, 33435

Kathleen Gibson

1135 116th Avenue NE, Suite 305 | Bellevue, WA, 98004

James Sampson

101 Bodin Circle 60 SGCS/SGCH | Travis AFB, CA, 94535

Vincent Digiovanni

Riddle Health Center 3, 1098 W Baltimore Pike, Suite 3308 | Media, PA, 19063

Sachin Jain

944 N Broadway #106 | Yonkers, NY

Jain Medical PC

Uttam Tripathy

16605 Southwest Fwy Ste 575 | Sugar Land, TX, 77479

Alex Caballero

1879 Nightinglae Ln | Tavares , Florida, 32778

Dennis Bandyk MD

9434 Medical Center Drive | La Jolla, CA, 92037

Hamid Sattar

19727 Allen Road | Brownstown, MI, 48183

Christopher Kim

6321 S. Redwood Rd | Taylorsville, Utah, 84123

Awais Siddique

2500 West Layton Ave. | Milwaukee, WI, 53221

Curtis Anderson

15600 NW 67th Ave | Miami Lakes, FL, 33014

James Callis

1234 Franklin Road | Roanoke, VA, 24016

Jason Call

1870 Amherst St | Winchester, VA, 22601

Brian Hoang

5757 W Thunderbird Rd, Suite E456 | Glendale, AZ, 85306

Mubashar Choudry

1150 Varnum Street NE | Washingtn, DC, 20017

Srinivas Koneru

33376 Dequindre Rd, | Sterling Heights, MI, 48310

Joseph Griffin

8888 Summa Ave. | Baton Rouge, LA, 70809

Jeff Brown

417 Libbie Ave | Richmond, VA, 23226

Karen Garby

4001 E. Baseline Rd | Gilbert, AZ, 85234

Kevin Duwe

2301 N 4th | Flagstaff, AZ, 86004

Luis R Leon Jr.

2404 E River Road | Tucson, AZ, 85718

Gregory Crenshaw

1 Galleria Blvd | New Orleans, Louisiana, 70001

Kristian Ulloa

2411 W Belvedere Avenue | Baltimore , Maryland , 21215

Donald Hahn

520 Upper Chesapeake Drive | Bel Air, Maryland, 21014

Amir Kaki

20240 W. 12 Mile Rd. | Southfield, Michigan, 48076

Showri Karnam

1013 Garfield Ave | Parkersburg, West Virginia, 26101

Eric Hager

200 Delafield Road | Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 15146

Thomas Levin

10837 South Cicero Avenue Suite 200 | Oak Lawn, IL, 60453

Leandro Perez

8188 Jog Rd. Suite 100 | Boyton Beach, FL, 33427

Jose Almeida

1501 S Miami Ave. | Miami Beach, FL, 33129

William Grande

8200 east Belleview Ave Suite 600e | Greenwood Village, CO, 80111

Jeffrey Carr

1783 Troup Highway | Tyler, TX, 75701

Diego Hernandez

43700 Woodward Avenue, Suite 207 | Bloomfield Hills, MI, 48302

Rajesh Sharma

905 W 124th Avenue | Westminster, Colorado

Advanced Heart and Vein Center

James St. George

8767 Perimeter Park Blvd | FL, Jacksonville, 32216

Jun-Yang Lou

520 Medical Center Drive | Medford, OR, 97504

Ido Weinberg

55 Fruit St | Boston, MA, 02114

Davin Haraway

2440 E 81st St | Tulsa, OK, 74137

Jana Bevill

1000 Towne Center Blvd | Pooler, Georgia, 31322

Arash Padidar

105 N. Bascom Ave. | San Jose, CA, 95128

Mohamad El-Zaru

31 Pine St | Norfolk, MA , 02056

Robert Swanson

1234 Franklin Road | Roanoke, VA, 24016

Dawn Olsen

3600 N. 3rd Ave | Phoenix, AZ, 85013

Carlos Pineda

1145 Broadway | Seattle, WA, 98115

Nazar Golewale

951 Transport Dr suite #2, | IN, Valparaiso, 46383

Vinny Ram

5859 W Talavi Blvd, Ste 100 | Glendale, AZ, 85306

julian javier

1168 Goodlette Rd N, | Naples, FL, 34102

Donald Patterson

520 Mary St. | Evansville, IN, 47710

Joel Rainwater

4001 E. Baseline Rd | Gilbert, AZ, 85234

Tony Das

12740 Hillcrest Rd | Dallas, TX, 75229

Raj Pyne, MD, FSIR

1255 Portland Ave, First Floor | Rochester, NY, 14621

Ricardo Vasquez

815 West Second Street | Bloomington, Indiana, 47403

Henry Meltser

825 Wherle Drive | Williamsville, New York, 014221

Richard Bafford

111 West High Street | Elkton, Maryland, 21921

Tamam Mohamad

22720 Michigan Ave. | Dearborn, Michigan, 48124

Payam Salehi

800 Washington St | Boston, Massachusetts, 2111

Shafik Hanna-Moussa

703 E. Marshal | Longview, Texas, 75605

Santhosh Mathews

316 Manatee Ave W | Bradenton, FL, 34205

Patricio Rosa

601 N Flamingo Rd. Suite 408 | Pembroke Pines, FL, 33028

Akhilesh Sista

2315 Broadway 4th floor | New York, NY, 10024

Steve Lin

1401 Harrodsburg Rd Ste A300 | Lexington, KY, 40509

Kais Yehyawi

6375 W US 6 | Portage, IN, 46368

Jed Peterson

10123 SE Market Street | Portland, OR, 97216

James Burks

16917 Enadia Way | Van Nuys, CA, 91406

Valley Vascular Associates

Omar Saleh

1520 North Mountain Ave Bld E | Ontario, Suite #205, CA

Paul Vitulli

915 W Monroe St | Jacksonville, FL, 32004

Deepak Sudheendra

3400 Spruce Street | Philadelphia, PA, 19104

William Crowder

970 Lakeland Drive | Jackson, MS, 39216

Elias Kassab

5250 Auto Club Drive | Dearborn, Michigan , 48126

Ben Marsan

215 Stillwater Ave | Stamford, CT, 6902

Joel Perchik

6286 Briarcrest Ave | Memphis , TN, 38120

James Drougas

1234 Franklin Road | Roanoke, VA, 24016

Julio Rodriguez-Lopez

3600 N. 3rd Ave | Phoenix, AZ, 85013

Charles Jost MD

140 S Power Rd, Ste 102 | Mesa, AZ, 85206

Olaguoke Akinwande

777 S.New Ballas Rd., Ste.212-W | Missouri, St. Louis MO, 63141

Timothy Manoni

85 Old Kings Highway North | Darien, CT, 6902

Kimberly Nemeth

7255 Old Oak Blvd, Suite C | Middleburg Heights, OH, 44130

Matthew Langenberg

520 Mary St. | Evansville, IN, 47710

Michael Switzer

4001 E. Baseline Rd | Gilbert, AZ, 85234

Laurel Hastings

7777 Hennessy Blvd, Ste 1008 | Baton Rouge, LA, 70808

Frank Arko

1001 Blythe Ave | Charlotte, NC, 28203

Jared Kray

275 10th St SE Suite 2210 | Cedar Rapids, Iowa, 52402

Amit N. Amin, MD

2730 Ambassador Caffery Parkway | Lafayette, Louisiana, 70506

Andre Biuckians

7505 Osler Drive | Towson, Maryland, 21204

Mahir Elder

22720 MICHIGAN | Dearborn, Michigan, 48124

Amiel Moshfegh

8500 Wilshire Blvd | Beverly Hills, California, 90211

Bradley Hill

3803 S Bascom Avenue | Campbell, California, 95008

Asad Sawar

3010 E. 138th Avenue Suite 12 | Tampa, FL, 33613

Andrew Barleben

9434 Medical Center Dr. | La Jolla, CA, 92037

Janardhan Srinivasan

2232 Wilborn Avenue | South Boston, VA, 24592

David Lipski

6420 Dutchmans Pkwy Suite 180 | Louisville, KY, 40205

Rias Ali

4740 Mile Stretch Drive | Holiday, FL, 34690

Patricia Thorpe

333 W Thomas Rd, Suite 207A | Phoenix, AZ, 85013

Azher Iqbal

6337 Transit Road | Depew, NY, 14043

Buffalo Vascular Care

Muthusamy Velusamy

6328 Gunn Hwy | Tampa, FL, 33625

Scott Cameron

601 Elmwood Ave | Rochester, NY, 14624

Peder Horner

1746 Cole Boulevard | Lakewood, CO, 80401

James Bennett

970 Lakeland Drive | Jackson, MS, 39216

Nishit Choksi

5250 Auto Club Drive | Dearborn, Michigan , 48126

Timothy Manoni

215 Stillwater Ave | Stamford, CT, 6902

Amit Bhakoo

6286 Briarcrest Ave | Memphis , TN, 38120

Colin Brandt

1234 Franklin Road | Roanoke, VA, 24016

David Paolini

7165 E. University Dr. | Mesa, AZ, 85013

Charles Thompson

6505 Main Street, Suite 1000 | Zachary, Louisiana, 70791

Orestis Pappas

2315 Myrtle St, Ste 190 | PA, Erie, 16502

Taras Kucher

85 Old Kings Highway North | Darien, CT, 6902

Kristine Sellberg

5859 W Talavi Blvd, Ste 100 | Glendale, AZ, 85306

Angela Martin

520 Mary St. | Evansville, IN, 47710

David C Lopresti

14642 N Del Webb | Sun City, AZ, 85351

Michael Conners

7777 Hennessy Blvd, Suite 1008 | Baton Rouge, LA, 70808

Elizabeth Mahanor

100 CAMP ST | HYANNIS, MA, 02601

Robert Schwartz

335 Glessner Ave | Mansfield, Ohio, 44903

Agnieszka Solberg

900 E Broadway Ave | Bismarck, ND, 58501

Mark Gonze

520 Upper Chesapeake Drive | Bel Air, Maryland, 21014

Rajewara Patcha, MD

172 East Main Street | Huntington, New York, 11030

Howard Hermans

250 2nd St E | Bradenton, Florida, 34208

Fakhir Elmasri

1417 Lakeland Hills Blvd. | Lakeland, Florida, 33805

David Burkart

4801 College Blvd | Leawood, KS, 66214

Vasco Marques

3010 E. 138th Avenue Suite 12 | Tampa, FL, 33613

Scott Koss

725 American Ave | Waukesha, WI, 53188

Sunil Rayan

9850 Genesee Ave | La Jolla, CA, 92037

Mazen Abu-Fadel

825 NE 10th St #2500 | Oklahoma City, OK, 73104

David Frankel

10666 N. Torrey Pines Rd. | La Jolla, CA, 92037

Michael Flisak

3231 South Euclid Avenue, Suite 207A | Berwyn, IL, 60402

Bret Wiechmann

6685 NW 9th Blvd | Gainesville, Florida, 32605

Vascular & Interventional Physicians

M. Syed Faisal Alam

1525 E. Beltline Ave, NE | Grand Rapids, MI, 49525

Manish Chauhan

2200 Park bend | Austin, TX, 78757

E. Jerry Cohn Jr., MD, FACS

4750 Water Avenue | Savannah, GA, 31410

Thomas Davis

24211 Little Mack Ave | Saint Clair Shores, MI, 48080

Nishta Sareen

5250 Auto Club Drive | Dearborn, Michigan , 48126

Taras Kucher

215 Stillwater Ave | Stamford, CT, 6902

John Dalton Braun

6286 Briarcrest Ave | Memphis , TN, 38120

Thomas Conlee

1234 Franklin Road | Roanoke, VA, 24016

Henry Tarlian

7165 E. University Dr. | Mesa, AZ, 85013

Christopher Goltz

G-5020 W Bristol Rd, | Flint, MI, 48507

Phillip Wall

71780 SAN JACINTO DRIVE, BUILDING I | California, RANCHO MIRAGE, 92270

Gennady Geskin

1633 Route 51 | Jefferson Hills, PA, 15025

Linda Harris

100 High St Buffalo General Medical Center, B7 | Buffalo, NY, 14203

Chandra Cherukupalli

520 Mary St. | Evansville, IN, 47710

Ryan O' Hara

6321 S Redwood Road | Taylorsville, UT, 84123

Nishtha Sareen

5250 Auto Club Drive | Dearborn, MI, 48126

Nachiket Patel

140 S Power Road, Suite 102 | Mesa, AZ, 85206

Murthy Chamarthy

1305 Airport Freeway | Bedford, Texas, 76021

Dion Franga

3045 St. Matthews Road | Orangeburg, SC

Anderson Mehrle

3400 SE Frank Phillips Blvd | Bartlesville, Oklahoma, 74006

Peter Dovgan

655 S. Apollo Blvd. | Melbourne, Florida, 32901

Pauldeep Bahra

1750 North Hampton Road | DeSoto, Texas, 75115

Jong Park

1417 Lakeland Hills Blvd. | Lakeland, Florida, 33805

Thomas Kerr

19189 N Dale Mabry Hwy | Lutz, FL, 33548

Hesham Fakhri

3010 E. 138th Avenue Suite 12 | Tampa, FL, 33613

Aaron Hurd

630 13th Street Suite 250 | Augusta, GA, 30901

Windsor Ting

1468 Madison Avenue or 1190 Fifth Avenue | New York, NY, 10029

Dev Mangalat

705 Jesse Jewell Parkway 125 | Gainseville, GA, 30501

Arun Jagannathan

23120 South LaGrange Road | Frankfort, IL, 60423

Aaron Aday

75 Francis St | Boston, MA, 02115

Mohamed Sheta

3709 Magnolia Street | Orangeburg, SC

Dialysis Access Institute

Todd Jenkins

500 J. Clyde Morris Blvd | Newport News, VA, 23601

Deepak Nair

600 N Cattlemen Rd | Sarasota, FL, 34232

Larry Horesh, MD

4750 Water Avenue | Savannah, GA, 31410

Marc Gosselin

24211 Little Mack Ave | Saint Clair Shores, MI, 48080

Sanjeev Ravipudi

2103 Silva Lane | Moberly, MO, 65270

Stephen Bauer

215 Stillwater Ave | Stamford, CT, 6902

Daniel Becker

6286 Briarcrest Ave | Memphis , TN, 38120

Guillermo Reyes

8093 Eckhert Rd | San Antonio, TX, 78240

Mitar Vranic

7165 E. University Dr. | Mesa, AZ, 85013

Christopher LeSar

2358 Lifestyle Way, Suite 100 | Chattanooga, TN, 37421

Prem Singh

2111 SW 20th PL | FLORIDA, Ocala, 34471

Divyang Ayar

8619 Broadway Street | Pearland, TX, 77584

Matthew Becker

2315 Myrtle St, Ste 190 | Erie, PA, 16502

Prasad Gade

520 Mary St. | Evansville, IN, 47710

Santiago Chahwan

2350 Vanderbilt Beach Road | Naples, FL, 34109

Karthiek Narala

2847 St. Rose Parkway, Suite 100 | Henderson, NV, 89052

Kirk Minkus

140 S Power Road, Suite 102 | Mesa, AZ, 85206

Polyxene (Polly) Kokinos

2255 S BASCOM AVENUE | Campbell, California, 95008

Mary Costantino

6958 SW Varns Street | Portland, OR, 97223

Frank Arko III

1001 Blythe Blvd. | Charlotte, North Carolina, 28270

Sotir Polena, MD

172 East Main Street | Huntington, New York, 11740

Michael Ginsburg

9555 75th Street | Pleasant Prairie, Wisconsin, 53158

Lawrence Whitney

1417 Lakeland Hills Blvd. | Lakeland, Florida, 33805

Nader Chadda

6633 Forest Ave Ste 302 | New Port Richey, FL, 34653

Richard Ofstein

8075 N Shadeland Ave Ste 200 | Indianapolis, IN, 46037

Robert Davies

1301 Sigman Road, NE Suite 130 | Conyers, GA, 30012

David Gillespie

363 Highland Ave | Fall River, MA, 2720

Polly Kokinos

2255 S. Bascom Avenue #200 | Campbell, CA, 95008

Howard Roth

23120 South LaGrange Road | Frankfort, IL, 60423

Micheal Ayad

300A Faunce Corner Rd N | Darthmouth, MA, 02908

Kishor Vora

1200 Breckenridge Street | Owensboro, KY, 42303

Owensboro Heart & Vascular

Edward Jerry Cohn

4750 Waters Ave | Savanna, GA, 31404

Lori Pounds

7703 Floyd Curl Drive | SanAntonio, Texas, 78229

Anthony Avino, MD, FACS

4750 Water Avenue | Savannah, GA, 31410

Lina M Vargas

410 Celebration | Celebration, FL, 34747

Mark Garcia

701 N. Clayton St. | Wilmington, DE, 19805

Paul Gagne

85 Old Kings Highway North | Darien, CT, 6820

Henry Dalsania

6286 Briarcrest Ave | Memphis , TN, 38120

Tyler Harris

190 E Bannock St. | Boise, ID, 83712

Aaron Frodsham

4624 S. Holladay Blvd | Holladay, UT, 84117

Christopher Scibelli

395 West Street, Suite 007 | Canandaigua, NY, 14424

Pushpinder Sivia

71780 SAN JACINTO DRIVE, BUILDING I | Rancho Mirage, CA, 92270

George Nahhas

2881 Monroe street | Dearborn , MI, 48124

Michael Costanza

750 East Adams Street, | Syracuse, NY, 13210

Marsel Huribal

495 Hawley Lane | Stratford, CT, 06614

Alvaro Zamora

2350 Vanderbilt Beach Road | Naples, FL, 34109

Waseem Shami

4301 N Mesa St, Suite 100 | El Paso, TX, 79902

Daiva Nevidomskyte

1145 Breadway St | Seattle, WA, 98122

Miltiadis Leon

3180 EXECUTIVE DR STE 102 | San Angelo, Texas, 76904

Brice Andring

1750 North Hampton Road | DeSoto, TX, 75115

Dion Franga

3045 St. Matthews Road | Orangeburg, South Carolina, 29118

Luis Suarez

800 Washington street | Boston, Massachusetts, 2111

Jamison Wilson

2401 W University Blvd | Muncie, Indiana, 46260

M. Kurt Gordon

1417 Lakeland Hills Blvd. | Lakeland, Florida, 33805

Gene Tanquilut

20060 Governors Drive Suite 102 | Olympia Fields, IL, 60461

Kannan Natarajan

8433 Harcourt Rd. Suite 100 | Indianapolis, IN, 46260

Charles Ross

95 Collier Road NW Suite 5015 | Atlanta, GA, 30309

Richard Pin

363 Highland Ave | Fall River, MA, 2720

James McPherson

4644 Lincoln Blvd. Suite 500 | Marina del Rey, CA, 90292

Ben Marson

85 Old Kings Highway N, 1st Floor | Darien, CT, 6820

Fuad Rafidi

23101 Sherman Place | West Hills, CA, 91307

Ali Raza M.D.

2100 1st Avenue South | St. Petersburg, FL, 33712

Gateway Radiology

Harold Tabaie

18905 Sherman Way | Reseda, CA, 91335

Junyang Lou

520 Medical Center Drive | Medford, OR, 97504

Spencer Brown

6076 Bristol Parkway | Culver City, CA, 90230

Richard Hershberger

600 North Cattlemen Rd | Sarasota, FL, 34232

Foluso Fakorede

800 North Pearman | Cleveland, MS, 3873

Roben Ahdoot

8500 Wilshire Blvd #518 | Beverly Hills, CA, 90211

Peter Gregory

32014 32nd Ave S | Federal Way, WA, 98001

Abhijeet Basoor

715 N Kansas Ave | Hastings, NE, 68901

Lyssa Ochoa

4025 E Southcross Blvd | San Antonio, TX, 78222

Daniel Gorin

100 Camp St | Hyannis, MA, 2601

Rajul Patel

5859 west talavi blvd, | Glendale, AZ, 85306

Gilbert Schorlemmer

700 W 800 N | Orem, UT, 84057

Moethu Win

6833 Medical View Lane, | Zephyrhills, FL, 33542

Michael Sergi

495 Hawley Lane | Stratford, CT, 06614

Hiranya Rajasinghe

2350 Vanderbilt Beach Road | Naples, FL, 34109

Rajesh Chawla

105 N. Hill Ave, Suite 200 | Pasadena, CA, 91106

Bryan Fisher Sr.

356 24th Ave North, Suite 400 | Nashville, TN, 37203

Garland Green

8401 Picardy avenue | Baton Rouge, Louisiana, 70809

Sheraz Qureshi

25 N. Winfield Rd. | Winfield, Illinois, 60190

Manjunath Raju

3311 Riverbend Dr. | Springfield, Oregon

Ramesh Paladugu

851 W Terrell Ave | Fort Worth, Texas, 76104

Gregory Westin

1801 N. Senate Blvd. | Indianapolis, Indiana, 46202-1184

Rick Bernstein

4275 Burnham Ave | Las Vegas, Nevada, 89119

Blaine Borders

102 Thomas Rd. Suite 205 | West Monroe, LA, 71291

Pat Neville

4600 Memorial Dr. Suite 240 | Belleville, IL, 62226

Charles Wyble

61 Witcher Street, Suite 2100 | Marietta, GA, 30060

Michael Ayad

363 Highland Avenue | Fall River, MA, 2720

Jozsef Lukacs

24800 S.E. Stark St. | Gresham, OR, 97030

Taras Kucher

495 Hawley Lane, Suite 2-A | Stratford, CT, 6614

Zahi Nassoura

2710 Alameda Ave | Burbank, CA, 91505

Gagandeep Mangat M.D

2100 1st Avenue South | St. Petersburg, FL, 33712

Gateway Radiology

Lev Pukin M.D.

2560 Ocean Avenue | Brooklyn, NY, 11229-4507

David Showalter

600 North Cattlemen Rd | Sarasota, Florida, 34232

Shahin Pourrabbani

3680 Imperial Highway | Lynwood, CA, 90262

Mark Bowles

2600 N Woodlawn Blvd | Wichita, KS

Corey Keith Goldman

5041 Broadway | New York , New York , 10034

Arash Malian Padidar

105 N. Bascom Ave. | San Jose, CA, 95128

Michael Metzger

13550 Jog Rd | Delray Beach, FL , 33446

Lev Pukin

2560 Ocean Ave | Brooklyn, NY, 10209

Karthik Mekala

703 E Marshall Ave | Longview, TX, 75601

Daniel Krcelic

2358 Lifestyle Way, Suite 100 | Chattanooga, TN, 37421

Robert Tahara

900 Chestnut Street Extension, STE A | Bradford, PA, 16701

Gregory Nedurian

521 Buena Vista street, | Lakeland, FL, 33805

John Strobel

2001 S. Woodruff Suite 16 | Idaho Falls, ID, 83404

Ben Marsan

495 Hawley Lane | Stratford, CT, 06614

George Adams

2800 Blue Ridge Road | Raleigh, NC, 27607

Abigail Qin-Nelson

520 S. Seventh Street | Vincennes, IN, 47591

Mehdi Shishehbor

11100 Euclid Avenue, Lajeside 3rd floor | Cleveland, OH, 44106

Satish Gadi

8401 Picardy Avenue | Baton Rouge, Louisiana, 70809

Carter Freiburg

902 Washington Road | Westminster, MD, 21157

Ashish Gupta

483 N Semaron Blvd | Winter Park, Florida, 32792

Ashish Gupta

483 N Semaron Blvd | Winter Park, Florida, 32792

Rahul Bose

1850 West State Hwy 46 | New Braunfels, Texas, 78132

Ritu Aparajita

320 1st St. N. | Winter Haven, Florida, 33881

Kenneth Wright

19189 N Dale Mabry Hwy | Lutz, FL, 33548

Rick Coats

4600 Memorial Dr # 240 | Belleville, IL, 62260

Sendhil Subramanian

7130 Mt. Zion Blvd, Suite #10 | Jonesboro, GA, 30236

Michael Naumann

7777 Alvarado Road, Suite 108 | La Mesa, CA, 91942

Stephen Lalka

1001 Blythe Blvd., Suite 300 | Charlotte, NC, 28203

Jamie Strachan

1449 Old Waterbury Rd, Suite 101 | Southbury, CT, 6488

Harold Tabaie

18905 Sherman Way | Reseda, CA, 91335

Ratan Ahuja

759 Harley Strickland Blvd | Orange City, FL, 32763

Florida Cardiopulmonary Center

Mahesh Raju

3825 Highland Ave | Downers Grove, IL, 60515

Russell Samson

600 North Cattlemen Rd | Sarasota, FL, 34232

Christopher Marrocco

3680 Imperial Highway | Lynwood, CA, 90262

Jim Melton

3200 Quail Springs Parkway | Oklahoma City, OK, 73134

Cardiovascular Health Clinic

Corey Goldman

625 East Fordham Road | Bronx, New York , 10458

Roger Cronk

8020 Constitution Place NE | Albuquerque, NM

Blaze Cook

8671 S. Quebec St. | Highlands Ranch, CO, 80130

Tariq Haddadin

310 North State of Franklin | Johnson City, TN, 37604

Aaron Kovaleski

8080 Park Meadows Dr | Lone Tree, CO, 80124

Minimally Invasive Procedure Specialists

Elizabeth Hartmann

2358 Lifestyle Way, Suite 100 | Chattanooga, TN, 37421

Roger Walcott

2121 Main St, Suite 316 | Buffalo, NY, 14214

Gregory Rogers

7255 Old Oak Blvd, Suite C-108 | Middleburg Heights, OH, 44130

Vishnu Ambur

417 Libbie Ave | Richmond, VA, 23226

Andrew Baxter

495 Hawley Lane | Stratford, CT, 06614

George Adams

400 Health Park Dr | Garner, NC, 27529

Lawrence Schmetterer

790 Boardman Canfield Road | Youngstown, OH, 44512

Joe Chauvapun

15030 Seventh Street | Victorville, CA, 92395

John Galla

3715 Dauphin St, Ste 1100 | Mobile, Alabama, 36608

Bradley Strnad

7900 W Jefferson Blvd | Fort Wayne, Indiana, 46804

Ajay Virmani

650 Cedar Creek Grade | Winchester, Virginia, 22601

Ravi Rao

600 Palmetto Street | New Smyrna Beach, Florida, 32168

James Smith

925 N Hillside | Wichita, Kansas, 67214

Tushar Barot

1417 Lakeland Hills Blvd. | Lakeland, Florida, 33805

Alberto Gonzalez

19189 N Dale Mabry Hwy | Lutz, FL, 33548

Ayaz Malik

1035 Bellevue Ave #500 | St. Louis, MO, 63117

Isabel Newton

200 W Arbor Dr. | San Diego, CA, 92103

Marvin Padnick

350 South 40th Street | Muskogee, OK, 74401

Patrick Mahon

87 McGregor Street | Manchester, NH, 3102

Stephen Bauer

1445 East Putman Ave, 1st Floor | Old Greenwich, CT, 6870

Lev Pukin M.D

2560 Ocean Ave | Brooklyn, NY, 11229

Mohammad Ali Saeed

16701 Creek Bend Dr | Sugar Land, TX, 77478

Advanced Vascular & Interventional Center

Joe Viramontes, MD

960 N 16th Street | Springfield, OR, 97477

Michael Lepore

600 North Cattlemen Rd | Sarasota, FL, 34232

George Hemstreet

100 Rice Mine Road Loop | Tuscaloosa, AL, 35406

Dwayne Schmidt

3200 Quail Springs Parkway | Oklahoma City, OK, 73134

Cardiovascular Health Clinic

David Penn

7402 Davidson Circle West | Stockbridge, GA, 30281

Shelby Bennett

490A West Zia Road | Santa Fe, NM, 87505

Christopher B. Warner

8671 S. Quebec St. | Highlands Ranch, CO, 80130

Alexander Lam

505 Parnassus Ave | San Francisco, CA, 94143

Divyang Ayar

8619 Broadway Street, Suite 105 | TX, Pearland, 77584

David O'Connor

211 Essex Street, suite 102 | Hackensack, NJ, 07601

Safet Lekperic

4110 Capstone Circle, | Buffalo, NY, 14221

Jeffrey Hull

173 Wadsworth Drive, | Richmond, VA, 23236

Andrew Leake

417 Libbie Ave | Richmond, VA, 23226

Jonathan Bowman

215 Stillwater Avenue | Stratford, CT, 06902

George Adams

2800 Blue Ridge Road | Raleigh, NC, 27607

Naveen Sachdev

1960 NW 167th Place | Beaverton, OR, 97006

Eric Dippel

3385 Dexter Court, Suite 100 | Davenport, IA, 52807

Kira Long

801 Broadway | Seattle, Washington, 98122

Stewart Katz, M.D.

1705 E 19th St | Tulsa, Oklahoma, 74104

Christopher Mitromaras

7703 Floyd Curl Dr | San Antonio, Texas, 78229

Ravi Rao

3822 S Washington Av | Titusville, Florida, 32780

Matthew Comstock

11912 S Norwood Ave | Tulsa, Oklahoma, 74137

Venkat Tummala

1417 Lakeland Hills Blvd. | Lakeland, Florida, 33805

Parag Patel

6633 Forest Ave #300 | New Port Richey, FL, 34653

Hoang Nguyen

2 Good Samaritan Way Suite 220 | Mt. Vernon, IL, 62864

(Charles) Daniel Procter

725 Jesse Jewell Parkway #125 | Gainesville, GA, 30501

Sanjeev Trehan

6151 South Yale Ave Suite 1304 | Tulsa, OK, 74136

Tara Balint

2010 Health Campus Drive | Harrisonburg, VA, 22801

Jonathan Bowman

495 Hawley Lane, Suite 2-A | Stratford, CT, 6614

Junyang Lou

455 Toll Gate Rd | Warwick, RI, 02886

Brigham and Women's Cardiovascular Associates at Care New England

Madaiah Revana

9950 Memorial Blvd | Humble, TX, 77338

Fuad Rafidi

2710 Alameda Ave | Burbank, CA, 91505

Douglas Dorsay

600 North Cattlemen Rd | Sarasota, Florida, 34232

James Cunningham

8767 Perimeter Park Blvd | Jacksonville, FL, 32216

Blake Parsons

3200 Quail Springs Parkway | Oklahoma City, OK, 73134

Cardiovascular Health Clinic

Hiranya Rajasinghe

2350 Vanderbilt Beach Road | Naples, FL, 34109

Omar Saleh

255 E Bonita Ave | Pomona, CA, 91767

Elizabeth Brooke Spencer, MD, FSIR

8671 S. Quebec St. | Highlands Ranch, CO, 80130

Victor Phillips

3308 W. Edgewood Dr | Jefferson City, MO, 65109

William Harris

2358 Lifestyle Way, Suite 100 | TN, Chattanooga, 37421

David Vogel

17410 Burke St, Ste 106, | Omaha, NE, 68118

Saher Sabri

110 Irving St NE, Interventional Radiology Department | Washington, DC, 20016

Jessica Wallaert

200 Griffin Road, Suite 12A | Portsmouth, NH, 03801

Marc Warner

417 Libbie Ave | Richmond, VA, 23226

Michael Sergi

1449 Old Waterbury Road | Stratford, CT, 06488

Agnieszka Solberg

900 E Broadway Ave, | Bismarck, ND, 58501

Jonathan West

2720 Sunset Blvd, Ste. 200 | West Columbia, SC, 29169

Krishna Mannava

6488 E. Main St. Suite 120 | Reynoldsburg, OH, 43086

Charles McGlade

2801 NW Mercy Drive | Rodeburg, Oregon, 97471

Omar Haqqani

2125 Ridgewood Dr | Midland, Michigan, 48642

Qaiser Shafiq

15150 Fort Street | Southgate, Michigan, 48195

Amiel Moshfegh

8500 Wilshire Blvd. Ste 630 | Beverly Hills, California, 90210

Ava Star

1440 Central Park Blvd | Fredericksburg, Virginia, 22401

Ramtin Massoudi

16661 Ventura Blvd #824 | Encino, California, 91436

Robert Freedman

3311 Prescott Road | Alexandria, LA, 71301

Daniel Simon

347 Mount Pleasant Ave Suite 100 | West Orange, NJ, 7052

Daniel McDevitt

1035 Southcrest Dr, Suite 250 | Stockbridge, GA, 30281

Mark Iafrati

800 Washington st | Boston, MA, 2111

Jerry Chen

2775 Laurel Street, Room 4203 | Vancouver, BC, V5Z1M9

Michael Sergi

75 Kings highway Cutoff, Suite 4B | Fairfield, CT, 6824

Jinok Chung

721 George Nigh Express Way | McAlester, OK, 74501

Oklahoma Heart Hospital

Marcus Smith

3200 Quail Springs Parkway | Oklahoma City, OK, 73134

Cardiovascular Health Clinic

Zahi Nassoura

18840 Ventura Blvd | Tarzana, CA, 91356

Robert E. Edmonson, MD

221 W Colorado Blvd Pavillion 2, | Dallas, TX, 75208

Cade Raggio

3833 Fairfax Drive | Arlington, VA, 22205

Abaraham Lin

1000 Towne Center Blvd | Pooler, Georgia, 31322

Victor Shi, MD

660 Monterey Pass Rd | Monterey Park, CA, 91754

Saeed Payvar

1906 FAIRVIEW AVE | CALDWELL, ID , 83605

James Rawles Iii

5589 Greenwich Rd | Virginia Beach, VA, 23462

Jonathan Bowman

85 Old Kings Highway North | Darien, CT, 6820

Ambarish Bhat

551 E southhampton drive, | Columbia, MO, 65203

Mubashar Choudry

75 Thomas Johnson Drive, Suite I | Frederick, MD, 21702

Samir Hadeed

374 Theatre Dr, | Johnstown, PA, 15904

Hamid Mojibian

789 Howard Avenue, 2nd floor | New Haven, CT, 06510

William Tierney

417 Libbie Ave | Richmond, VA, 23226

John Pietropaoli

360 Tolland Turnpike | Manchester, CT, 06042

Dr. Anuj R Shah

293 Passaic St, | Passaic, New Jersey, 07055

Matthew Whitbeck

4040 Coon Rapids Blvd Suite 120 | Coon Rapids, MN, 55433

Shawn Isaeff

5974 S. Fashion Point Dr. Ste 110 | South Ogden, UT, 84403

Wayne Nelson

1550 NE 27th St | Bend, Oregon, 97701

Micah Girotti

520 Upper Chesapeake Drive | Bel Air, Maryland, 21014

Mustafa Hashem

15150 Fort Street | Southgate, Michigan, 48195

Melody Strattan

3340 N. Tamiami Trail | Port Charlotte, Florida, 33952

Faraj Hanna al-kass

2700 F Street | Bakersfield, California, 93301

Ramtin Massoudi

8500 Wilshire Blvd #518 | Beverly Hills, California, 90211

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This tool is not inclusive of all specialists. Consult with your insurance provider to find specialists that are covered within your network.

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1. “Statsis Dermatitis.” American Academy of Dermatology. 2017.

2. “Peripheral Vascular Disease.” John Hopkins Medicine. n.d.

3. “What are the signs and symptoms of Peripheral Artery Disease?” National Institutes of Health. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. n.d.

4. Simon et al. “Peripheral artery disease and intermittent claudication.” University of Maryland Medical Center. May 24, 2012.

5. Eberhardt et al. “Chronic Venous Insufficiency.” Circulation. 2014;130:333-346. July 21, 2014.

7. “Venous ulcers,Medline Plus. U.S. National Library of Medicine. May 24, 2016.

8. Stasis Dermatitis: merckmanuals.com/professional/dermatologic-disorders/dermatitis/stasis-dermatitis

Disclaimer

The opinions and clinical experiences presented herein are for informational purposes only. Individual results may vary depending on a variety of patient-specific attributes and related factors. Dr. Raghu Kolluri has been compensated by Philips for his services in preparing and providing this material for Philips further use and distribution.

We offer links to third-party websites that may be of interest to our website visitors and in no way, represent any affiliation or endorsement of the information provided on those linked websites. These links are provided solely for your convenience and to assist you in learning more information on this topic. However, Philips does not control, endorse or guarantee the accuracy of the information contained on the linked sites. In addition, Philips makes no representations or warranties of any kind with regards to any third-party websites or information contained therein. If you have any questions or concerns about the information on the linked third-party websites, please contact the third-party websites directly.